Geography & Demography
The Municipality of Daraga is
located in the Southwest portion of Albay Province or at geographical
coordinates of between 123o and 124o Longitude and between 13o and 14o Latitude.
It is bounded on the North by Legazpi City; on the south by the Province of
Sorsogon particularly the municipality of Pilar; on the East by Legazpi City and
on the West by the Municipalities of Camalig and Jovellar.
The Municipality lies at the intersection between the Manila South Road and the
National Road traversing the Poblacion Legazpi City up to Tiwi following the
Eastern coastline of Albay Province. Its distances is about 181 kilometers from
the Municipality of Daet in Camarines Province 83 kilometers from Naga City in
Camarines Sur Province; 7 kilometers from Legazpi City in Albay Province; 27
kilometers from the Municipality of Tabaco in Albay Province and 55 kilometers
from the municipality of Sorsogon Province.
101,031 (May 2000 Census)
Population Growth Rate
Number of Households
Rice and Coconut
(Clay, Aggregates, Pyrite)
Most Daragueños put a premium
on acquiring an education. This is manifested by a significantly high literacy
rate of 96.08%. Sad to say however, there remains a small number of Daragueños
who are illiterate or have not completed even elementary level of education. It
is necessary therefore to have a comprehensive view of the current educational
status in terms of facilities, enrollees, teachers and classrooms. The
limitation of this planning exercise is on the quality of public elementary and
secondary in the municipality. With this strategy, the responsibility of the
Local Government of Daraga shall then be fulfilled which is to provide every
Daragueños ready access to basic education.
Current educational facilities show that 1) For both public and private
elementary schools almost every barangay in the municipality has an elementary
school except for Barangays Ilawod, Kimantong, San Roque and Sipi in the Urban
Area and Dinoronan, Mayon and Pandan in the Rural Areas. Aside from classrooms,
Public elementary schools have minimal facilities with either shop, library,
sports, administrative office, clinic, comfort room and playground and some with
Day Care Center, DSWD Classroom, Music Room, H.E. Building, Garden and Stage.
Private elementary schools are situated in the Urban Area and have almost
complete basic facilities with additional facility of either Botanical Garden &
Mini-Zoo, Quadrangle, Stage and Social Hall. Five (5) Public Secondary Schools
are situated in Barangays Anislag, Lacag, Salvacion and San Vicente Grande in
the Rural Area and in Barangay Sagpon are situated also at Barangay Sagpon.
Other than classrooms, facilities such as laboratory, shop, library, sports,
administrative office, clinic, comfort room and playground are either lacking or
inadequate for these public secondary schools.
In contrast, the three (3) Private secondary schools have almost complete
facilities with addition of Mini-Theatre; and 3) One (1) Public School which is
the Bicol University in Barangay Sagpon and Three (3) Private schools made up of
the Bicol College, St. Gabriel College and Immaculate Conception College located
in Barangay Sagpon, Sipi and Market Site respectively have complete facilities
for classrooms, laboratory, shop, library, sports, administrative office,
clinic, comfort room and playground with addition of either Mini-Theatre or
Social Hall for Tertiary Schools.
Focusing on the current Student-Teacher and Student-Classroom Ratios for Public
Elementary Schools shows that they are both within the Standard ratio of 1:50.
These trends are even much lower for private elementary schools that are
attributed to rising cost of school admittance.
Current conditions of schools show that 1) almost all of the Public Elementary
Schools within the municipality needs immediate repair of their classroom and
other important school facilities. Private elementary schools on the other hand
are in good condition; 2) Two (2) Public secondary schools namely Anislag and
Malabog High School needs repair while the other three (3) Public secondary
schools, Lacag, San Vicente Grande and Daraga High School are in good
conditions. Most of the Private secondary schools are also in good condition and
3) The tertiary schools within the municipality are all in good condition.
A private school, the Immaculate Conception College situated in Market Area
offers vocational or technical education courses. This short term education will
certainly facilitate easy employment opportunities for would-be graduates. The
Local Government of Daraga pursue this educational assistance in coordination
with concerned government agency.
For Primary Health Care
Facilities, there are: Two (2) Rural Health Units located at Barangays Market
Site and Anislag and Barangay Health Stations at Barangays Alcala, Malabog,
Cullat, Pandan, Lacag, Inarado, Peñafrancia, Bascaran, San Ramon and San
Health personnel involve includes 4 Doctors, 5 Nurses, 23 Midwives, 1
Dentist, 2 Medical Technologists and 4 Sanitary Inspector. Health Services
offered includes CMCH (Pre-Natal), Post-Natal, EPI/UFC, Nutrition and Family
Planning), NTP, Malaria Control Program, CVD, Rabies Control, Health Education,
IPEC, STD, PCCP, Leprosy Control Program, Medical Consultation and Filariasis/Schistosomiasis.
In the Urban Area, specialized and tertiary health services are offered by
- Bicol Regional Training & Teaching Hospital situated at Barangay Sagpon;
- A Private Hospital, Ludovice General Hospital situated at Barangay San
- about 21 clinics situated at Barangays Sagpon, Market Site, Ilawod and
No data was secured for bed to population ratio but local knowledge points to
inadequate number of hospital beds for both the public and private hospital in
relation to the municipal population. The Bicol Regional Training & Teaching
Hospital serves also patients from other provinces in the Bicol Region.
Infrastructure and Utilities
Transportation plays major supporting role in the social and economic
development of a locality. It provides the means by which people and goods can
circulate to and from any direction. The Municipality of Daraga possesses a
transportation system that supports its present functional role particularly in
terms of economic development. Reasonable assessment is necessary to effectively
enhance transportation system within the municipality.
The Municipality of Daraga has a total road network of about 129.01 kilometers.
This is categorized either as National Roads, Provincial Roads, Municipal Roads
and Barangay Roads. These barangay roads comprise the bulk of the municipality
road network system. About 24.97% are concrete paved while the remaining 75.03%
remains in Asphalt, Gravel or Earth fill pavement conditions. There are about 25
bridges within the municipality and 66.22% of that are within barangay roads
while the other bridges are part of national, provincial of barangay roads.
The Philippine National Railways passes through the Municipality of Daraga
regularly on its way to Legazpi City or to Manila. It has a station in barangay
Market Site where the arrival and departure schedule is 5:14 AM and 3:30 PM
respectively. However, station facilities needs further improvement.
Land transport vehicles within the municipality are already numerous, private
vehicles outnumbers public utility and government vehicles. This number of
transportation mode tends to increase annually, such increase is already felt in
the urban area wherein traffic congestion particularly during peak hours is
Bus and Jeepney Terminal and parking facilities are mostly situated in barangays
Ilawod, Market Area, Sipi and Bañag. However, these facilities are deemed small
in terms of capacity to accommodate significant number of vehicles. Furthermore,
most of these terminals are not ideal in location, contributes to traffic
congestion and cannot contribute strategically to the economic development of
In terms of land distribution and utilization, the current municipal road
networks are spread-out among the urban and rural areas. For rural road
networks, its total length of about 187 kilometers can be considered as adequate
since current required rural road network shall be based on standard of 1.50 kms.
per 100 hectares of arable/agricultural lands. For urban road networks, its
total length of about 67 kilometers are likewise considered as adequate for
current required urban network based on standard of 2.4 km. per 1000 urban
population. However, these current road networks need repair or upgrading in
order to make them passable. Still, it is necessary also to construct or open
new roads within the municipality to further enhance social and economic
Alternative transportation modes such as 1) Sea transport, which includes port
facilities, are not applicable to the municipality given its geographical
location; and 2) air transport are situated in adjacent Legazpi City where a
domestic airport is situated.
Communication is an avenue
for free flow of information and news that is of benefit to people. An efficient
communication system is significant for the development of a locality.
Reasonable assessment of the current level of efficiency of available
communication facilities is necessary in order to improve its services.
The municipality of DARAGA enjoys the services offered by Bayantel, Digitel and
Matelco in terms of telephone services. These private telephone companies
maintains extensive number of individual telephone connections for variety of
usage such as residential, commercial institutional among others, their
telephone services covers the entire urban area and extends to the outlying
barangays. Only Bayantel and Digitel offer sophisticated technology in telephone
Telegraph/Telex/Telegraphic Transfer service is offered by the Telecommunication
Office (TELOF) which is under the Department of Transportation and Communication
(DOTC). Private telegraph/telex/telegraphic transfer services are not available
within the municipality. Private telecommunication companies based in Legaspi
City offer most of these services.
The municipality maintain postal services and facilities which includes 2 Post
Offices, 42 Mail Boxes, Stamping Machine (Meter), 2 Postal Stations/ Circuits (Barangay
Post Offices) and 12 Mail Transport Vehicle (Motorcycles). The current number of
Letter Carrier is insufficient to serve the needs of Daraguenos based on the
standard of 1 Letter Carrier per 5,000 population. Its Main Post Office situated
in Barangay San Roque of the Urban Area needs to be improved.
Cellular & Mobile Phone services provides such as Smart, Mobiline and Globe
Telecom offers alternative telecommunication services not only in the
Municipality of DARAGA but also in adjacent municipalities of ALBAY province
inclusive of Legazpi City. Other types of communications services are not
available within the municipality such as public mobile phone services, paging
services, trucking services, wireless local loop services, satellite
communication and even weather monitoring stations. These Cellular mobile Phone
Service providers have already significant number of subscribers for their talk
and text messages.
Broadcast Media available are not based in the municipality. Signals from local
radios and televisions are sourced from Legazpi City. Their signals not only are
received in the municipality but also in adjacent areas. Another type of
broadcast media available in the municipality is cable Television offered by
DCTV with base in the municipality. It offers variety of cable television
programs to its subscriber.
For print media, these are no private publications operating in the
municipality. What are received in the municipality are those print media from
national and local tabloids either coming from Metro Manila and from Legazpi
Power and Electricity
Power supply is a basic
facility for a given locality. It is essential that ample supply of electricity
should be available for diverse usage of a growing population such as for
residential, commercial, institutional, industrial and public lighting. Any
planned development should always consider demand for power supply. The
efficiency of local power supply services should be assessed reasonably in order
to plan for its enhancement for the benefit of consumer.
Within the Municipality of Daraga, a significant number of households both in
urban and rural barangays, relies on electricity for lighting purposes. Other
households resort to kerosene (Gaas), LPG, Oil and other sources for lighting.
This is a concern that needs particular intervention on the part of the Local
Government of Daraga particularly in the rural barangays.
In terms of supply of electricity, both urban and rural barangays are already
energized to some extent. For urban barangays, 100% of the households are
already, only about 80.38% of the households enjoy the comforts brought by
electricity. There still remain households without access to available power
supply. For those rural barangays without electricity efforts should be
undertaken to install power supply transmission lines.
Water Supply, same as
electricity demands public interest. Lack of it will certainly affect daily
activities of the population measured in social and economic gains. A reasonable
assessment is necessary in order to enhance delivery of water supply.
The Municipality of DARAGA provides current levels of water supply corresponding
to Level I, Level II and Level III systems. Each system provides water supply to
household consumer within its services area and capacity. However, these
different systems should be further enhanced based on projected population
For Level III water system, the DARAGA Water District is the sole service
provider and serves Barangays Tagas, Kilicao, Binitayan, Bañag, Cullat, Busay,
Malabog, Poctol, Maroroy, Market Site, Ilawod, Kimantong, San Roque, Bagumbayan,
Sipi, and Sagpon. It derives its water supply source from Bitoy Spring, Budiao
Spring No. 1, Budiao Spring No. 2 and 4 wells and 7 pump stations. Average
capacity is between 15lps to 37lps. Other type of facilities includes a Grand
Reservoir in Barangay Busay. Majority house connections are that for
Residential, Commercial or Industrial.
Level II Water System are available in Barangays Bagumbayan, Bongalon, Cullat,
Kimantong, Lacag, Malabog, Maroroy Salvacion, San Rafael, San Roque, Market Area
and Ilawod. It has limited capacity and number of communal faucets. Likewise,
the number of household population served is minimal vis-a-vis number of
household population unserved.
Level I Water system, includes shallow wells, deep wells and improved springs
located in Barangays Alcala, Alobo, Balinad, Bañadero, Bascaran, Bigao,
Binitayan, Bongalon, Budiao, Burgos, Busay, Canarom, Cullat, De la Paz,
Dinoronan, Gabawan, Gapo, Inarado, Kidaco, Kilicao, Kimantong, Kinawitan, Kiwalo,
Lacag, Mabini, Malabog, Malobago, Maopi, Matnog, Mayon, Nabasan, Peñafrancia,
Sagpon, Salvacion, San Rafael, San Ramon, San Roque, San Vicente Pequeño, Sipi,
Tabon-Tabon, Tagas, Talahib, Market Area and Ilawod. However, this type of water
system has also limited capacities and number of household population served.
There is a need to further improve these water supply systems in order to serve
effectively the intended consumers particularly those in the Rural Barangays.
Other water sources within the municipality include undeveloped springs, open
dug wells and rainwater collectors. These other water sources can be found in
Barangays Busay, Canarom, De la Paz, San Rafael and San Roque. However, most of
the household population resorts to open dug wells for their domestic uses.
These water sources particularly undeveloped springs should be given priority in
improving water supply services within the municipality.
Existing surface water within the Municipality are generally classified as Class
D for falling within this category. Such surface waters which are not only
source of water supply but drainage channels as well. These surface waters
include Yawa River, Maroroy Creek, Quilicao River, Busay Creek, Gulang-Gulang
Creek, Pandan Creek, Quillarena River, Bongalon River, Daraga Market Site Creek,
Binitayan River, Patagok River, Bagumbayan River and Dinoronan Spring.
Household disposal of garbage or solid wastes within the municipality is mostly
through burning by about 62.82% of the total households particularly in the
rural areas. Collection by garbage trucks is done in the urban areas for about
11.72% of the total households. Other modes of disposal are either thru dumping
in individual pits (not burned), composting, burying, feeding to animals and
others which constitutes the remaining 25.46% of the total households. The
present Municipal Dump Site at Barangay Peñafrancia is only temporary and deemed
not suitable in its location. As discussed in the housing needs of households
within the municipality, about 48.58% of the total households have access
to sanitary water-sealed toilet facilities. The remaining 51.42% of the
total households have no sanitary toilet facilities and uses either closed
pit (antipolo type), open pit, others (pail system, etc.) or none at all.
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