CHAPTER 12 AGRICULTURE
region’s economy is highly dependent on agriculture. In 2006,
agriculture and fishery contributed a total of 33.5 percent to the Gross
Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) of the region. With limited physical
resources, an over-increasing population is putting pressure on the
region’s agricultural economy. The region is located in the typhoon belt
which greatly affects the agricultural productivity. Other factors that
inhibit increased production are: a) lack of farm to market roads; b)
insufficient irrigation facilities; c) inadequate flood control and
drainage systems; d) layered marketing systems; e) difficult access to
credit; f) the absence of Comprehensive Land Use Plans (CLUPs) of LGUs;
and g) fragmented landholdings.
Palay production registered a total of 981,918
metric tons in 2005. This figure represents 94.84 percent
accomplishment against the plan target. However in 2006, palay
production declined to 888,772 metric tons or 80.4 percent
performance over the target mainly due to the effects of the
calamities that hit the region in the later part of the year. On the
other hand, corn production exceeded by 41 percent and 57 percent
over the plan targets in 2005 and 2006, respectively. The increase
in corn production may be attributed to the conversion of corn
varieties from traditional to high yielding varieties and clustering
of corn production areas, most of which were already harvested when
the typhoons hit the region.
Average yield in palay production continued to
increase from 3.14 metric tons in 2004 to 3.22 metric tons in 2005
and 3.49 metric tons in 2006. The highest yield in hybrid rice in
the region was recorded at 310 cavans/hectare/harvest. However, some
farmers prefer to use inbred palay seeds since hybrid planting
materials are costly. Likewise, corn increased its average yield in
the 3-year span. All other crops had reduced productivity levels.
2006, a total of 16,702 hectares were developed as agricultural
lands (new areas, replanted and inter-cropped) out of the targeted
263,113 hectares. Likewise, a total of 12,315 new jobs were
generated in the period under review. The rice sufficiency levels in
2004 and 2005 were recorded at 96.09 percent and 98.54 percent,
respectively. However, rice sufficiency level for 2006 dropped to
82.80 percent. This was mainly due to the series of typhoons that
hit the region in the late part of 2006.
In 2005, a total of 1,178,800 metric tons of
But in 2006,
may be due
that hit the
part of the
was able to
in 2005. In
The province of Catanduanes is the top producer
fiber in the
Pili being one of the commodity champions in the
In 2006, a
tons of pili
the top 20
a total of
In 2006, the Bicol region had a total of 83,893
heads of cattle; 233,766 carabaos; 826,370 swine; 106,017 goats; 7.7
million chickens and 255,038 ducks. Except for cattle, all other
animals had increased inventory against the 2005 levels. Most of the
large animals are being exported to other parts of the country.
The development challenge of the agriculture
sector is to increase production. This shall be attained through
increase in average yield and productivity and the opening of new
agricultural lands for high value and exportable crops. In order to
overcome the challenge, there is a need for the construction of agri-related
infrastructure facilities like farm-to-market roads, post-harvest
and storage facilities, flood control and drainage systems, and
provision of rural credit to the farmers. Likewise, the opening of
new markets, both local and international has to be pursued. New
and promising technologies suitable to local conditions will be
introduced to the farmers. Farmers will be changed from mere
producers to entrepreneurs.
objectives of the agriculture sector are:
production and productivity of food crops, feed grains,
livestock and poultry;
rehabilitate perennial crop (coconut, abaca, and pili) areas
destroyed by the calamities; and
jobs and increase farmers’ income.
Self-sufficiency in food crops will be achieved by increasing
yield and area planted and the development/adoption of
appropriate farming systems. To minimize the effects of typhoons
on farm incomes, multi-storey cropping systems will be promoted
in idle lots and mono-cropped coconut areas. Crop and animal
insurance shall be promoted. The “National Grains Highway” will
be placed in main producing areas particularly in rice and corn
comparative advantage of being a bird flu and FMD-free region,
the livestock and poultry industry will be expanded and a
livestock laboratory for Bicol shall be established.
commodities like pili, livestock and poultry will be developed
and provided assistance by various national government entities,
private sector and local government units.
services like rural financing and marketing facilities, as well
as infrastructure support like irrigation, flood control, and
farm to market roads will be provided.
services will be improved and strengthened particularly in
upland rural areas.
fertility management including the use of organic fertilizer
will be promoted. The balanced fertilization strategy for rice
and corn will be expanded in coverage.
services will be improved through the introduction of electronic
information access, e.g., prices of farm inputs and production
at farm level will uploaded in the internet. The development of
the crops and livestock sub-sectors will be supported by the
national government entities, local government units, government
financing institutions, and the private sector.
activities to CARP through the Sustainable Agribusiness Rural
Enterprises Development (SARED) program within the KARZones/ARCs
for agribusiness development will be enhanced.
Reform Communities (ARCs) will be strengthened through the
provision of Social Infrastructure and Capability Building
Services (SILCAB) with an easy access to credit/microfinance and
marketing assistance to increase opportunities for economic
growth in the rural areas.
development of tiger grass (Lasa) as an income generating
project will be given priority.
cooperatives in terms of livelihood projects will be provided.
and education campaign (IEC) to farmers on disaster preparedness
and pest control & management will be enhanced.
as main workers will be trained on value adding activities in
Rice - The program aims to ensure food security and
attain self-sufficiency through growth in yield with the use of
hybrid and certified seeds and stabilize the price of palay at a
level equitable to farmers and consumers.
Corn – The program aims to increase productivity and
production of quality corn for human consumption, feeds and
industrial uses by increasing average corn yield from 3.21 MT to
5.0 MT per hectare, expansion of area planted to hybrid yellow
corn and reduction of post-harvest losses.
HVCC – This program provides the directions and
framework for harmonizing local initiatives in the production of
high value commercial crops. It offers alternative and
profitable opportunities to smallholders and lend well to value
adding activities and marketing agreements or joint ventures
with users and processors. Priority crops for the region include
pili, queen pineapple, mango, banana, root crops and selected
Livestock and Poultry – The program aims to attain
growth in livestock and poultry thru increased productivity
(disease control and eradication, production of genetically
improved stocks), increased production base and protection of
local industries. This includes the Dairy Development Program
and the Establishment of a Semen and Liquid Nitrogen Product and
Development Program - This is a banner program of the
region aimed at increasing the production of pili and its
by-products for the local and export markets.
Infrastructure for Rural Productivity Enhancement Sector (INFRES)
– This is a project of the Government of the Philippines
(GOP) and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) with the Department
of Agriculture as executing agency. It provides infrastructure
in areas where there is potential for sustainable gains in
agricultural productivity that will, in turn, lead to increase
in rural incomes particularly the farmers and the poor.
Industry Development Program – This involves the
comprehensive rehabilitation and development of the coconut
industry. The major components are: Coconut Planting and
Replanting; Coconut Rehabilitation through Fertilization; Copra
Quality Improvement Project; and the Bicol Coconut Coir
Industry Development Program – This involves the
rehabilitation and expansion of abaca producing areas. The major
components are: Production/Disposal of Tissue Cultured Abaca
Plantlets; Rehabilitation of Unproductive Abaca Areas; and
Expansion/Development of New Abaca Areas.
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